Brazil is the largest country in South America – covering 47.3% of its area – located in its east coast and bordering every country in the continent except Chile and Ecuador.
It is the world’s fifth largest country in both area and population, with 8,515,767 km2 and 206,440,850 inhabitants and the ninth largest economy in the world with a GDP of 1.774 trillion US dollars. It’s also the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world (and only in the Americas).
Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, and the Latin Union.
Brazil spans four time zones – from UTC -5 to UTC -2 – and is the only country that has both the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn running through it. Because of this, Brazil is mostly tropical, except for its four southernmost states which are either partially or totally temperate. Its southeastern section is also the most rugged, with ridges and mountain ranges reaching up to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) high, while the northwestern section is mostly a plateau of rolling terrains and rounded hills – the most obvious exception being the Pico da Neblina (Mist Peak), Brazil’s tallest mountain at 2,995 m (9,827 ft) high.
Brazil has a complex system of rivers with eight major basins, all of which drain into the Atlantic. Major rivers include the Amazon (the world’s largest in volume and second-longest), the Paraná and its major tributary the Iguaçu (which includes the Iguaçu Falls), the Negro and São Francisco.